Computing machinery and intelligence book
Computing machinery and intelligence by Alan TuringThe definitions might be framed so as to reflect so far as possible the normal use of the words, but this attitude is dangerous. If the meaning of the words 'machine' and 'think 'are to be found by examining how they are commonly used it is difficult to escape the conclusion that the meaning and the answer to the question, 'Can machines think? But this is absurd. Instead of attempting such a definition I shall replace the question by another, which is closely related to it and is expressed in relatively unambiguous words. The new form of the problem can be described' in terms of a game which we call the 'imitation game'.
Computing machinery and intelligence
Computing Machinery and Intelligence. Frederic P. Miller , Agnes F. Vandome , McBrewster John. Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Computing Machinery and Intelligence, written by Alan Turing and published in in Mind, is a seminal paper on the topic of artificial intelligence in which the concept of what is now known as the Turing test was introduced to a wide audience. Turing's paper considers the question Can machines think?
Lecture to the London Mathematical Society on 20 February Intelligent Machinery. Checking a Large Routine. Computing Machinery and Intelligence. Digital Computers Applied To Games. Solvable and Unsolvable Problems.
The paper, published in in Mind , was the first to introduce his concept of what is now known as the Turing test to the general public. Turing's paper considers the question "Can machines think? Rather than trying to determine if a machine is thinking, Turing suggests we should ask if the machine can win a game, called the " Imitation Game ". The original Imitation game that Turing described is a simple party game involving three players. Player A is a man, player B is a woman and player C who plays the role of the interrogator can be of either sex. In the Imitation Game, player C is unable to see either player A or player B and knows them only as X and Y , and can communicate with them only through written notes or any other form that does not give away any details about their gender. By asking questions of player A and player B, player C tries to determine which of the two is the man and which is the woman.
The definitions might be framed so as to reflect so far as possible the normal use of the words, but this attitude is dangerous. But this is absurd. Instead of attempting such a definition I shall replace the question by another, which is closely related to it and is expressed in relatively unambiguous words. It is played with three people, a man A , a woman B , and an interrogator C who may be of either sex. The interrogator stays in a room apart from the other two. The object of the game for the interrogator is to determine which of the other two is the man and which is the woman.
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