New testament books and authors
New Testament - WikipediaChristians have traditionally attributed the authorship of the New Testament to legendary figures from early Christianity. Following the Jewish literary tradition of pseudoepigraphic works, [note 1] an anonymous writer would "speak" in the name of a historical figure. The Gospels , early Christians felt, would more likely be viewed as accurate, authentic, and persuasive if the flock believed that they were written by the disciples of Jesus , eyewitnesses to his ministry. The Canonical Gospels reflect this attitude. In addition, Paul became one of the most fundamental figures some would argue, more influential than Jesus himself in what was to become the Christianity of the Roman Empire and the Roman Catholic Church. His letters held and hold an authority unlike any other theological writings of the day. Hence, convincing the priestly elite that Paul had written a given letter increased its likelihood of being included in a formal and final Canon as an epistle by say the 3 rd century CE.
Did Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John actually author the gospel accounts?
Authorship of the New Testament
The New Testament discusses the teachings and person of Jesus , as well as events in first-century Christianity. Christians regard both the Old and New Testaments together as sacred scripture. The New Testament is a collection of Christian texts originally written in the Koine Greek language, at different times by various different authors. While the Old Testament canon varies somewhat between different Christian denominations , the book canon of the New Testament has been almost universally recognized within Christianity since at least Late Antiquity. Thus, in almost all Christian traditions today, the New Testament consists of 27 books: the four canonical gospels Matthew , Mark , Luke , and John , the Acts of the Apostles , the fourteen epistles of Paul , the seven catholic epistles , and the Book of Revelation. The earliest known complete list of the 27 books of the New Testament is found in a letter written by Athanasius , a 4th-century bishop of Alexandria , dated to AD. Pope Innocent I ratified the same canon in , but it is probable that a Council in Rome in under Pope Damasus I gave the same list first.
Along with seeing the New Testament in terms of content and style it is helpful to view the New Testament within the framework of the authors of those books.
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Along with seeing the New Testament in terms of content and style it is helpful to view the New Testament within the framework of the authors of those books. The following chart illustrates the authors of the New Testament along with the books which are credited to them.
The New Testament is the name given to the second and final portion of the Christian Bible. It is the sacred scripture and central element of the Christian faith. Its original texts were written in Koine Greek by various authors after c. Its 27 books were gradually collected into a single volume over a period of several centuries. They consisted of Gospels recounting the life of Jesus , an account of the works of the apostles called the Book of Acts , letters from Saint Paul and other early Christian leaders to various churches and individuals, and the remarkable apocalyptic work known as the Book of Revelation. The term New Testament came into use in the second century during a controversy among Christians over whether or not the Hebrew Bible should be included with the Christian writings as sacred scripture. Some other works which were widely read by early churches were excluded from the New Testament and relegated to the collections known as the Apostolic Fathers generally considered orthodox and the New Testament Apocrypha including both orthodox and heretical works.