First and second book of maccabees
First Book of MaccabeesPlease check the reference to make sure it is correct. The two Books of Maccabees contain independent accounts of events in part identical that accompanied the attempted suppression of Judaism in Palestine in the second century B. The vigorous reaction to this attempt established for a time the religious and political independence of the Jews. First Maccabees was written about B. Instead, we have an early, pre-Christian, Greek translation full of Hebrew idioms.
The Books of the Maccabees are books concerned with the Maccabees , the leaders of the Jewish rebellion against the Seleucid dynasty and related subjects. The term mostly refers to two deuterocanonical books contained in various canons of the Bible:. The books of the First and Second Maccabees offer different accounts. The authors display notably different beliefs. The narratives do not match. Differences include the description of martyrdom.
I. CRISIS AND RESPONSE
The Books of the Maccabees , Maccabees also spelled Machabees , four books, none of which is in the Hebrew Bible but all of which appear in some manuscripts of the Septuagint. The first two books only are part of canonical scripture in the Septuagint and the Vulgate hence are canonical to Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy and are included in the Protestant Apocrypha. It describes the refusal of Mattathias to perform pagan religious rites, the ensuing Jewish revolt against Syrian hegemony , the political machinations whereby Demetrius II of Syria granted Judaea its independence, and the election of Simon as both high priest and secular ruler of the Judaean Jews. I Maccabees is the only contemporary source for the civil wars in Judaea, and the only surviving one for Judaean-Syrian relations after the reign of Antiochus IV. The historical integrity of the book, which was compiled from official written sources, oral tradition, and eyewitness reporting, is attested to by the absence of almost all of the conventions of the Hellenistic rhetorical school of historiography and by its uncritical use by the later Jewish historian Josephus.